Second Brigade Marine Corps
13 January, 1928
From: 0000 1 January 1928
To: 2400 7 January 1928
(A) GENERAL STATE OF TERRITORY OCCUPIED:
(a) The neutral zone is quiet. Although there
was a large labor strike in CORINTO during the
week no disorders occurred.
(b) The outlying parts are normal with the
exception of the northern areas, which Sandino
continues to keep in a lawless state with his
(B) ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
(a) The laborers of CORINTO called a strike for
higher wages. This strike was very serious due
to the present heavy exporting of coffee.
General Moncada persuaded the strikers to return
to work at the old scale of wages until their
complatines had been thoroughly investigated. A
committee has been appointed by C.D. Ham, and is
now investigating the labor conditions of
CORINTO. Until this committee has completed its
investigation and has rendered its report, the
laborers are peacefully fulfilling their side of
the temporary agreement.
(b) Several other strikes were threatened during
the week but, so far, none of them have
materialized. One of these is that of the
railroad engineers. If the engineers do go on a
strike, and the labor situation in CORINTO is
not corrected to the satisfaction of the
laborers there so that they again strike, our
forces will have a very heavy duty placed upon
them in the question of supplies.
(C) ATTITUDE OF CIVIL POPULATION TOWARD MARINES:
The present attitude of the local press toward
us is neither friendly nor unfriendly.
(D) POLICE OPERATIONS:
Routine work; nothing to report.
(E) MILITARY OPERATIONS:
(a) FRONT LINES:
1. Enemy: The mountain stronghold EL CHIPOTE and
immediate vicinity. More or less small
independent bandit groups of western SEGOVIA.
2. Marines: A special combat expedition at
QUILALI and garrisons in the towns of SOMOTO:
PATASTE: JICARO: SAN FERNANDO: TELEPANECA:
OCOTAL and PUEBLO NUEVO.
1. Enemy: A heavy concentration at CHIPOTE.
2. Marines: The column of First Lieut. Richal
and Captain Livingston effected a junction at
Quilali. A large concentration of Marines
towards SAN ALBINO commenced.
(c) SUPPLY AND EQUIPMENT:
1. There are numerous ways that SANDINO'S forces
may obtain their supplies and equipment. Nothing
definite is known but consistent rumors place
the area of Honduras north of JALAPA as the
chief source. The COCO RIVER is also a very
plausible means of entry.
2. Medical supplies, food, clothing and
munitions have been furnished our field units by
truck trains, ox-carts, pack trains and also by
the large transport plane of our air forces.
(d) PROBABLE INTENTIONS:
There is practically no doubt that SANDINO has
planned to make a determined stand at CHIPOTE.
Great activity in preparing CHIPOTE for defense
has been observed by our air patrols.
(e) UNITS IN CONTACT:
At a point about three miles south of VUELTAS,
Richal's column was ambushed by a force of
bandits estimated at 350 to 450 in strength. At
the time of the encounter our forces were
proceeding along a trail-in single file up the
side of a mountain. The point of the column had
just turned a curve near the bottom of the hill
when the point commander observed a suspicious
movement and started to draw his pistol. Before
he could succeed in drawing his pistol the
bandits opened a heavy fire which instantly
killed him. The enemy was well entrenched and
protected by the heavy underbrush. In about an
hour the bandits were routed and our forces
captured the hill.
Marines: One killed (1st Lieut. G.N.)
Two seriously wounded.
Two slightly wounded.
Bandits: Thirty known killed.
Work was rushed on constructing a landing field
at QUILALI, in order that we would be able to
evacuate the seriously wounded; suffered in the
engagements of Livingston's and Richal's
columns. A small landing field was cleared by
January 6th, and the evacuation of the wounded
was commenced that date, by plane, to Managua.
(F) POLITICAL SITUATION:
At CORINTO a Woman Liberal party has been
organized with General Jose M. Moncada as their
candidate for President and Mr. Carlos A. Castro
Wassmer as Vice-President. This organization has
for its secretary Helida Rosa Baldelamar.
Many thanks to Katrina Wells for transcribing this document.