Alejandro Molina on
his life as a Sandinista, December 1927-February
seen that Alejandro Molina, son of
wealthy landowner Blas Miguel Molina of Yalí
and Jinotega, joined the Sandinista rebels in
late 1927 (p. 25). Here we see the
substance of his May 1929 statement to the
Marine-Guardia, who arrested him when he
returned from exile in Honduras. Alejandro
Molina said that he served in the EDSN for
about 15 months, from December 1927 to February
1929, when he abandoned the cause and went into
exile in Honduras with his mother (we also learn
that he was Blas Miguel's out-of-wedlock child).
Molina offers a good amount of
specific information about his erstwhile
comrades and his stint as a Sandinista. In
combination with his letters to President
Moncada an exchange of letters with his father,
one senses a young man who earnestly desires to
recant his life as a rebel and return to his
former life (photograph of Alejandro
Molina as a Sandinista, 1928, USNA1)
GUARDIA NACIONAL DE NICARAGUA
1. The following is a statement of
Alejandro Molina, who was with Sandino from
December 1927 to February 1929:
a place called El Rempujon, jurisdiction of
Nueva Segovia, in the mountains of Murra, there
is hidden a Colt machine gun, a large amount of
rifles and ammunition and a quantity of
dynamite. These arms and ammunition can be found
by capturing Rafael Altamirano and Yamario
Rocha, as they are the guardians and know the
place where they are hidden.
Claudio Blandon and one of his sons are and live
between Plan Grande and Guapinol, jurisdiction
of Ocotal. These men know where Sandino is and
his general camp (Rumbo Perdido, between Murra
and Oconguas) is. Claudio is the runner of
Sandino for the Republic of Honduras. Antonio
Salgado and Gregorio Salgado are in the place
named Guapinol and know and can give information
about the mountain where Sandino is situated.
Sandino is furnished salt and foodstuffs from
By placing a guard at the hacienda La Palmera,
formerly called Gulke, the passage will be cut
for Sandino's forces, as all his troops leaving
the mountains pass thru this hacienda at about
one kilometer from the banana plantation of
I was with Sandino from December 1927 to
February 1928, [sic
- should read 1929] then I quit the forces and
went to work on a coffee plantation picking
coffee. As the forces of Sandino were pursuing
me I had to leave for Honduras with my mother,
returning again by Sandino's camp to ask for a
passport, remaining there until the 10th of
April 1929. My mother lives in Pespire,
Department of Choluteca [Honduras], and my
father is in Jinotega. (Molina is the
illegitimate son of Blas Miguel Molina of
The Agents of Sandino in Honduras are: --
Antonio Lacayo and Constantino Tenorio; on the
26th of April, the date I left Tegucigalpa, a
Dominican named Gregirio Gilbert also left
carrying mail for Sandino and accompanying him
were three Mexicans to join the Sandino forces.
The columns of Sandino are under the command of
the following persons: Pedron, Jose Leon Dias,
Sebastian Centeno, Francisco Estrada, Pedro
Irias, Ismael Peralta, Carlos Salgado, Miguel
Angel Ortez, Pedro Blandon, Abraham Centeno,
Coronado Maradiaga, Ramon Uriarte -- any of them
have at least thirty men under his command.
There are other chiefs who operate with Salgado
and Ortez but I don't know them. / p. 2 /
Sandino's forces number from 1,000 to 1,500 men
-- Ortez has 250 men, Salgado has 300, Pedron
has 100, Peralta has about 60 and thus
Many refugee families are at Guapinol, the place
where Gregorio Salgado is at, two kilometers
from Plan Grande, headed for the mountains.
Most of the arms possessed by Sandino have been
captured from the Americans and Guardias.
The Government of Honduras apparently does not
favor Sandino, but the Sandinism has guarantees
in that country because the authorities are
partisans of Sandino.
When I went to the Honduras authorities and
confessed that I came from Sandino they gave me
all the guarantees; furthermore they advised me
to tell any guards that I should meet on my way
that I was a Sandinista in order to get the
guarantees -- they further told me that Moncada
and the Yankees commanded in Nicaragua but the
Hondurans commanded in Honduras.
The neighbors from Honduras take salt, medicine,
cigars, biscuits, and clothing to Sandino.
If a consecutive attack is made against Sandino
he would get away, but it happens that the
Americans and the Government forces occupy the
towns leaving the mountains free and unwatched;
Sandino communicated with his wife frequently
until she was sent to Managua and he has always
sent her money, etc.
Sandino's followers are composed of Hondurans
and Salvadorans but also has Mexicans,
Colombians, Venezuelans, and Dominicans. Sandino
is glad because of the proximity of winter.
Sandino would make agreements with Moncada but
never with the Yankees; he issues orders to his
troops that if the Guardia pass to let it pass
on but to fire only upon the Marines as it is
his desire to finish them.
Jiron was opposed to the blowing up of the
mines, and it was Porfirio Diaz who ordered
their blowing up as he was compelled to do so by
his troops -- Pedron was the third chief.
Sandino sent his lover, Teresa Villatoro, to
Tegucigalpa to be treated by a dentist; she
lodges at the Hotel Union and she received
correspondence from him on the 26th of April and
she sent a reply by the same mail. She has
instructions from Sandino to await him in
When Molina was permitted to look over some
photographs in the files of this office of
bandit activities, he immediately recognized the
leaders, individuals, and even the places where
the pictures were taken.
3. This information is strictly confidential and
will be kept under lock and key or destroyed.
J. M. Bain
Major, Guardia Nacional
HEADQUARTERS, 2ND BRIGADE, U.S. MARINE CORPS
INFORMATION FROM ALEJANDRO MOLINA, SANDINISTA
16-17 May, 1929
Identified picture of Sandino shown him as being
taken during last revolution when he was with
Joined Sandino at Chipote in December, 1927,
because the Guardia Nacional and President
Adolfo Diaz were persecuting him without reason,
because he was a Liberal. The messenger who told
him where to find Sandino was going to Mr.
Abraham Centeno in Yali.
He quit Sandino when Moncada took charge because
he had no reason to fight a Liberal Government.
Jose Lagos, Porfirio Sanchez, and his woman,
Leopolda Tellez, Lorenzo Blandon (a Mexican),
Adan Gutierrez, altogether about twenty-five
went to Honduras after quitting Sandino for the
same reason -- that of being Moncadistas.
Teresa Villatoro (Sandino's mistress) was with
Claudio Blandon, living in Guapinol.
From Los Terreros, his mother, Lagos and himself
passed to La Rica, where they were joined by
about twenty-five others who had been with
Lagos is now Commandant at Perspire, Honduras --
Porfirio Sanchez is waiting for a job.
Mr. Westing gave him a free ride on his gasoline
boat from Ampala to Tempisque.
He knows where Claudio Blandon lives in
Guapinol, and Antonio Salgado also in Guapinol.
Also Gregorio Salgado can be located through
somebody he knows.
All people in Guapinol help Sandino by bringing
to him supplies and food.
Luis Frenzel, a German who lives in Yali sent
medicines and some other supplies to La
Constancia in November, 1928. He was under
Peralta but a civilian who brought the supplies
stated that Frenzel was sending them.
Lagos was a chief, jefe at Yali, and Peralta was
Centeno was an aide of Sandino's, to gather
supplies, act as his messenger and intelligence
Peralta did not operate far from La Constancia,
he only went as far as La Pavona and San
Forces of Sandino pass a hacienda called La
Palmero, between Santa Cruz and Quilali, at
Antonio Lacayo and Constantino Tenorio are
Sandino's message center jefes in Tegucigalpa,
Juan Colindres is his financial agent in
Tegucigalpa, Honduras. / p. 2 /
Among Sandino's men it was said that money came
from Mexico, sent by an organization known as
"Hands Off Nicaragua," and "Asociacion
General Simeon Montoya is living in Armenia,
Honduras, where he owns a house.
While he was with Sandino he participated in
about six engagements, the largest one being at
Zapote, where Sanchez, Montoya, Jiron, and
Sandino took part. (This contact is known to us
as the Hunter contact.)
He was at Las Cruces under Francisco Estrada on
January 1st when Lieutenant Bruce, G.N. was
His ideas since childhood made him a Liberal.
His father was a Conservative, enemy of Sandino,
and he got on bad terms with his father because
Sandino got from Padre Morales cattle and
medicines that Father Morales had; also pants
and some cheap cloth.
Last day Molina was in Tegucigalpa he saw an
article of Constantino Tenorio published in the
newspaper "El Caduceo," supporting Sandino.
Abraham Centeno lives in La Pavona, where he has
a few coffee trees and some sugar cane.
Antonio Lacayo's office is located at the Union
Hotel in Tegucigalpa, of which Lacayo is the
Tomas and Emilio Blandon were in charge of
spying at La Constancia.
Sandino's pre-election instructions to his
lieutenants were to disturb the electoral
proceedings as much as possible; to advise
people not to pay any attention to electoral
matters; and to capture and bring to him any
propaganda men of any party recognizing the
Early in April Tenorio told him that Sandino was
going to Buenos Aires and that rumors about his
going to Mexico were not true. Then he advised
him to wait for Sandino in Tegucigalpa. Molina
replied that he wanted to come to Nicaragua to
Molina went to Choluteca with Lagos, on Lagos's
official business from Perspire, where he is
commandant. In Choluteca he saw Dr. Hernandez
(Mairena) [Dr. Domingo Mairena Hernandez] who is
there with the Health Department.
(Note: Mairena is a Nicaraguan from Leon and was
formerly Sandino's doctor.)
1. Letter from Alejandro
Molina to the Jefe Director of the
Guardia Nacional pleading for his
release from prison, November 1929
Centro penal Managua 6
de Noviembre de 1929
Sr Jefe director de la guardia Nacional.
Muy Sr mio
El objeto de la presente es de manifestar a Ud., que tengo 6
meses de ser prisonero, y no se cual séa mi delinto; es
berdad yo andube con Sandino, pero cuando resibio la
presidencia el Gral Moncada, me separe de Sandino; y me fui
para Honduras, en Tegucigalpa me encontre con él ex Ministro
de Nicaragua, Sr. J. Francisco Moncada, le comunique mis
deseos de regresar al pais, y él me contesto que no havia
inconbeniente, que me daria un salbo conducto, y que me
respondia con su cuello que las garantias dadas en nombre de
su govierno serian atendidas y respetadas.
Sr suplico a Ud. sea juez de
su conciensia y jusgue me delito, talvez crea Ud que sea
sufisiente me castigo, o me designe cuanto tiempo mas me
Si Ud me da me livertad, yo le
prometo servirle en o que Ud crea conbeniente, haria mas
dandome me libertad que con tenerme prisionero.
Esperando que la present no será en bano, quedo de Ud.
Con todo respeto, muy Atto y S.S.
Letter from prisoner Alejandro
Molina pledging good behavior, May 13,
Yo Alejandro Molina, de diez y nueve años de edad, soltero,
agricultor, vecino de la ciudad de Estelí y nicaragüense,
por el presente documento me compreto a no tomar
participación de ninguna clase de ningún movimiento
revolucionario contra el Gobierno constituido ni menos
formar parte de las columnas de bandoleros que infestan el
País. Esta declaración la hago de mi espontánea
voluntad y me sujeto a sufrir los castigos legales por
quebrantamiento de la presente promesa. También
prometo salir de terretorio de Nicaragua por el periodo de
Managua trece de Mayo de mil novecientos treinta.
/s/ Alejandro Molina
witness James L. Dea---
Comandante de la Penitencia
Me constituy fiador de mi hermano Alejandro Molina para el
cumplimiento de la anterior promesa. Managua trece de
Mayo de mil novecientos treinta.
/s/ Mig. Molina H.